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Information and Communications Technology and Policy

Information and Communications Technology and Policy
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    • Research on spatial grid framework and GDS data platform technology of digital twin city
    • CHENG Chengqi, QU Tengteng, LI Lin
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 1-8.
    • Abstract ( 445 )   
    • In view of the bottleneck problems of unified spatial framework and efficient data organization in digital twin ciy, this study, under the guidance of the new earth geospatial subdivision theory and the corresponding national standards such as “Earth􀆳s Surface Spatial Grid and Code” (GJB8896-2017) , “Beidou Grid Code (BGC)” and “Geospatial Grid Encoding Rule”, proposes to develop an spatial grid framework for the digital twin city and the GDS (Grid Data System) data platform technology. The multi-scale 3D urban grid space is an objective existence of theearth space. Everything in the city must fall  into one or several grid bodies at a certain time. The GDS technology developed from this is oriented to unified organization of spatial data, which is conductive to the development of a new type of G-GIS, G-BIM system and is an innovative exploration of the traditional BIM, GIS and other object-oriented modelling systems. This research could help to realize the unified and efficient collection, association and calculation of urban spatial data, and is of theoretical and practical significance for supporting the construction of digital twin city.
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    • Research on application of artificial intelligence technology in digital twin city
    • CHEN Wanling, LIU Qingsong, LIN Jiequn
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 16-19.
    • Abstract ( 385 )   
    • The necessity of applying artificial intelligence technology to digital twin cities lies in two aspects: massive data processing and system self optimization. In order to improve operation capacity and speed, digital twin cities need to deploy artificial intelligence in multi-level system architecture, and to use of multiple AI application technologies in decision-making process. Considering the development of artificial intelligence technology, it is suggested that in the process of deploying AI in digital twin cities, it is necessary to strengthen the following aspects: technology updating, professional team supporting, data privacy security and network attack prevention.
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    • Research on the universe perception system of digital twin city
    • WANG Wenyue, LI Tingting, LIU Xiaojuan, FAN Kexin, BAI Yinshan, LI Qingsong
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 20-23.
    • Abstract ( 446 )   
    • The digital twin city is a new concept, new way and new idea of the construction and development of new smart city, which is driven by technological evolution and demand upgrading. Its realization is based on the construction of a city universe perception system. This paper focuses on the analysis of the logical structure, key supporting elements of the digital twin city universe perception system, and explored and analyzed the layout scheme of the key supporting elements.
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    • The trend and suggestions of application of digital twin in intelligent transportation
    • ZHANG Jingtao
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 24-28.
    • Abstract ( 562 )   
    • With the development of digital twin application from industrial manufacturing to urban governance, urban transportation has become an important application field of digital twin. Digital twin has become an important direction and inevitable trend of intelligent transportation. This paper summarizes the concept of the application of digital twin in intelligent transportation, analyzes the development process and current situation of intelligent transportation, elaborates the application trend of digital twin in the field of transportation, and puts forward the development suggestions to promote the application of digital twin in the field of transportation.
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    • Research of government data security in the construction of new-type smart city
    • ZHOU Jun, WANG Xianqiang
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 29-33.
    • Abstract ( 249 )   
    • The construction of new-type smart city is of great significance for improving the government􀆳s governance ability, enhancing life satisfaction, and promoting the development of digital economy. However, the data security issues have now become the bottleneck in the construction of the new-type smart city. In this paper, data security problems of government data in the construction of new smart city are systematically analyzed, and existing security regulations and rules published by national local governments in data security are comprehensively reviewed.Suggestions are then made in seven themes including data sharing and opening mode, data quality control,responsibility boundary delimitation, hierarchical classification, security techniques, risk assessment and supervision mechanism to ensure the security of government data sharing and opening comprehensively and promote the construction of the new-type smart city.
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    • Digital enterprise status and development suggestions in the digital economy
    • WANG Xiaoyue, JIA Jingyu, SUN Luyao, XU Hengchang
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 34-38.
    • Abstract ( 526 )   
    • With the advancement of information and communication technology, digitalization is one of the stages of enterprise evolution. In the context of the digital economy, digital enterprise cases continue to emerge. At present,most of them are in the process of moving from the primary stage to the intermediate stage. The three applications of cloud computing, big data and artificial intelligence are the most important in technology applications. On the scale,the development of large, medium and small enterprises has its own characteristics. In the industry, typical industries such as the large-scale steel industry of raw materials, equipment machinery, consumer electronics, and retail have shown some typical laws. According to the current status and problems of the development of digital enterprises, it is recommended to promote the digital transformation of enterprises from three perspectives: government, industry and enterprise.
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    • The path of digital transformation entering the “deepwater zone”
    • CHEN Songchen, CHEN Sheng
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 39-43.
    • Abstract ( 334 )   
    • The digital transformation has entered the 2. 0 era. The competition and market environment have accelerated the time window for corporate action. Multiple changes in technology, business, organization, and culture have brought severe challenges to traditional enterprises ' deep digital transformation. Facing the predicament of digital transformation, this article describes the trend of digital transformation of enterprises, analyzes the challenges faced in the process of digital transformation, and discusses the path of breaking the in-depth development of digital transformation of enterprises from the aspects of strategy, business, technology and factors.
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    • Research on the strategy of operator􀆳s layout for industry digitalization
    • DING Liting , ZHANG Jing , HAN Weina
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 44-48.
    • Abstract ( 293 )   
    • China has entered the 5G commercial application era, and ICT technology spillovers are increasing. Telecom operators have ushered in a major opportunity to expand digital business in vertical industries. The industry digitization presents more complex cross-border competition. By analyzing the situation faced by the domestic operators while expanding business in medical, education, finance and retail, studying the experience and practices of International telecom operators, this article gives suggestions for Chinese operators to deploy industrial digital services.
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    • Research on industrial Internet and digital transformation of manufacturing industry
    • JIAO Zongshuang, ZHANG Xueying
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 49-52.
    • Abstract ( 493 )   
    • With the rapid development of digital economy, industrial Internet and enterprise digital transformation have become the focus of social development. Through digital transformation, manufacturing enterprises win the competition with higher cost efficiency. Industrial Internet is the most important infrastructure and development path to support the digital transformation of manufacturing industry, and it has become the necessary network environment and infrastructure for the intelligent manufacturing industry. In the future, in the process of manufacturing digital transformation, we should pay attention to the different characteristics of enterprises, design differentiation strategies and pay attention to the difficulties of small and medium-sized enterprises in the process of digital transformation, so as to open up a digital transformation path for small and medium-sized enterprises.
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    • Research on the digital transformation of SMEs in the era of digital economy
    • XU Peijian, DING Qi, ZHANG Siwen
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 53-55.
    • Abstract ( 1083 )   
    • Digital transformation is the inevitable trend of high-quality development of small and medium-sized enterprises under the background of digital economy. At present, there are some problems in the digital transformation of small and medium-sized enterprises in China, such as insufficient understanding of the transformation, weak transformation ability / digital foundation, lack of capital investment, lack of talent supply and so on. This paper aims to analyze the relevant measures of promoting the digital transformation of small and medium-sized enterprises in Germany, and draw the policy recommendations of promoting the digital transformation of small and medium-sized enterprises in China.
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    • Research on the upgrade path of SME clusters from the perspective of industrial organization modularity
    • DING Qi, BO Qinghe, SHAO Peipei
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 56-60.
    • Abstract ( 255 )   
    • Clustered has become an effective development model for enhancing the competitiveness of SMEs. In the process of clustered development in China, there are problems such as low subject relevance, weak brand awareness,and lagging development of public platforms. The modularization of industrial organization provides new ideas for the upgrading of SME clusters, which can effectively enhance the innovation capabilities of SMEs in the cluster. The
      modular upgrade of SME clusters can be achieved through the support and cultivation of module integrators, the selection and integration of module suppliers, and the operation and innovation of modular clusters.
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    • Research on the motivation of leading enterprises incubating small and medium-sized enterprises
    • JIANG Yue
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 64-65.
    • Abstract ( 223 )   
    • By distinguishing the different motivations of leading enterprises incubating small and medium-sized enterprises, this paper summarizes three main types of “leading enterprises and incubation” model, which are the transformation-driven incubation models of leading enterprises based on their own organizational or business transformation and upgrading needs. The vertical integration incubation model of the industrial chain that the company seeks for breakthrough development in its own technology, products, and business, as well as the ecological creation incubation model based on the strategic goals of leading enterprise ecosystems. At the same time, from the two dimensions of the government level and the leading enterprise level, the existing problems and suggestions of “leading interprise and incubation” are proposed.
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    • Innovate the development of Supply Chain Finance and expand financing channels for SMEs
    • ZHU Li
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 66-69.
    • Abstract ( 306 )   
    • At present, China has formed three typical models : Supply Chain Financial model that is dominated by core companies in the supply chain, Supply Chain Financial model that is dominated by e-commerce platform service providers, and Supply Chain Financial model that is dominated by logistics companies. But on the whole, Supply Chain Finance still faces information asymmetry, insufficient risk controlling, and the lack of special laws and regulations. Therefore, increasing the application of emerging technologies such as blockchain technology in the field of Supply Chain Finance, encouraging financial institutions such as commercial banks to strengthen innovation in Supply Chain Financial products and services, and researching and promulgating laws and regulations specific to the characteristics of Supply Chain Finance development are important measures for the healthy development of Supply Chain Finance and the ability to meet the financing needs of SMEs.
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    • Influences and suggestions of the COVID-19 on China‘s digital economy investment
    • WANG Mingzhu
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 70-73.
    • Abstract ( 408 )   
    • The COVID-19 spread rapidly to the whole country, which had a great impact on our economic and social development. Digital economy investment plays a key role in the development of economy because of its obvious effects of driving economic growth in a short period. In the short run, the COVID-19 will make an impact on the whole digital economy investment, industrial digital transformation investment, private investment and foreign direct investment. In the long run, the impact of the COVID-19 on digital economy investment is not sustainable. Once the COVID-19 is brought under control, the scale of digital economy investment will continue to expand, and new models and new forms of business, industrial digital transformation and digital governance will become the hot areas of investment. So the government should help enterprises to tide over the difficulties which are greatly affected by the COVID-19 using its financial measures. In the long run, we should strengthen investment guidance in the digital economy, activate private investment in the digital economy, and optimize the investment environment in the digital economy.
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    • The influence of digital trade on stabilizing foreign trade and promoting the resumption of work
    • YUE Yunsong
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 74-77.
    • Abstract ( 386 )   
    • As the WHO has identified the COVID-19 epidemic as an “international public health emergency”, many countries have announced measures to impose immigration controls on China, suspend flights, and restrict import and export goods. China􀆳s foreign trade is under tremendous pressure from both inside and outside. Unlike the SARS outbreak in 2003, China􀆳s digital trade has further developed and matured, and it is playing an important role in
      stabilizing foreign trade and promoting resumption of work. China should further promote the digital transformation of the way trade is conducted, encourage support for the export of digital products and services, and accelerate the improvement of the digital service trade governance system.
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    • Analysis of the impact of the COVID-19 on the Internet service industry
    • ZHANG Yaqi
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 78-80.
    • Abstract ( 534 )   
    • Affected by the COVID-19, in the short term, Internet service platforms such as online travel, online tourism, catering and food delivery are facing problems such as a sharp decline in revenue, intensified operating risks, and difficulty in employment. After the COVID-19 is over, the online service industry may still be negatively affected by merchant cash flow crises and severe market expectations. Some industries may take longer to recover. At the same time, the epidemic will accelerate the transfer of offline business traffic to online, innovate convergence application scenarios, and accelerate the transformation and upgrading of traditional service industries.

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    • The analysis of passive WDM under the application scenario of access network
    • YANG Biao, GUO Bingfeng, WANG Qiang, LI Jiajing
    • Information and Communications Technology and Policy. 2020, 46(3): 92-96.
    • Abstract ( 247 )   
    • The construction of operator 4G / 5G Network, the rapid growth of enterprise customers and the requirement of rapid opening of business, the consumption of optical fiber resources has increased significantly, the existing bearing network has caused great pressure, how to achieve low cost, fast access, improve the effectiveness of investment has become the main problem faced by operators at present. The passive wavelength division technology is in line with the problems of solving the shortage of existing optical fiber resources, the difficulty of laying the fiber optic cable again,the construction investment, the repeated construction of optical cable, the long construction period, and so on, the use of passive wavelength division multiplexing technology can greatly reduce the construction investment, and finally achieve the maximization of optical fiber resource utilization.
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