The characteristics of data regulation depend on the characteristics of the traditional era. Data regulation is mainly the regulation of access, and follows the framework of “informed consent”and mainly adopts the perspective of“data subject-based”. With the advancement of science and technology, data subjects no longer have enough ability and motivation to master their own data; the purpose of data flow is no longer clear, nor is it limited to the interests of the subject; the supervision of “acquisition” is more difficult, and the control of “use” is more difficult. Therefore, the regulation of “data acquisition” should not continue to re-expand the framework of “informed consent” ; the regulation of “data use” should be inclined to the perspective of “society-based” ; the focus of data regulation should be from the front-end “data acquisition” to the back-end“data use”transition.
In the context of the era of big data, the value of data has been valued and mined, and data utilization activities have penetrated into all aspects of economy, society and life. Enterprise data has not only become a production factor that enterprises are competing for, but also an important resource for the government to respond to public emergencies. However, due to the lack of clear data utilization standards, unauthorized utilization, imitation utilization, homogeneous utilization and other unfair utilization behaviors often occur in commercial utilization, and may be damaged in public utilization. The risk of corporate trade secrets or intellectual property rights seriously affects the realization of the company’s own interests and social public interests. Based on this, this paper aims at the problems existing in the process of enterprise data utilization, combines the EU Data Law (draft) and domestic judicial experience, studies the rules of enterprise data utilization, and puts forward specific suggestions for improving enterprise data utilization.
In the era of data elements, the value and potential of commercial data are constantly stimulated. The contention of multiple subjects for data resources leads to the emergence of commercial data dispute cases. Then, how to choose the path of commercial data protection becomes an issue that is worth discussing. At present, the protection mode of anti-unfair competition law is more suitable for the needs of commercial data protection. On this basis, it can be regarded as a feasible choice to construct commercial data protection rules by summarizing the judgment rules of relevant cases and judicial guidelines.
This paper reviews the national requirements for intellectual property work, analyzes the value and significance of intellectual property to scientific and technological enterprises and communication operators, and shares the practice of China Telecom in science and technology innovation and intellectual property work.
With the advent of the era of knowledge economy, contemporary enterprises especially high-tech enterprises should place intellectual property rights at the strategic level of corporate management, so as to maximize the benefits of its intellectual property rights, and gain the relevant competitive advantages. At each stage of their own development, enterprises should always operates the high-value intellectual property management system with the use of intelligence collaboration at its core, in order to realize market competitiveness, control legal risks and increase asset value.
In recent years, the digital economy is growing rapidly and become a new growth point of the global economy. Digital economy brings industrial development dividends, following with new requirements for governance system and governance ability of intellectual property globally. Focused on the key issues on intellectual property within digital economy such as data, open source, standard essential patent and etc., the main economic entities including US and EU started to make an overall arrangement on governance rules to benefit the development of digital economy and the national interests. Therefore, it is necessary for China to improve laws and regulations of intellectual property, and provide favorable guarantee for high-quality development of digital economy.
Trade secret is one of the important intellectual property rights of enterprises The management and protection of trade secret has been paid more and more attention by enterprises. This paper adopts overall analysis and sampling analysis to study public judicial cases of the infringement of trade secrets, and analyzes trade secret cases’ overall situation including the number of cases, regional distribution, cause of action, and judgments in China from 2015 to 2021. 78 cases are sampled for detailed legal analysis, focusing on the industry distribution of trade secret disputes, issues involved, reasons for disputes, court decisions, and amounts involved. Based on judicial cases analysis, combined with enterprise research, this paper also summarizes problems existing in the process of enterprise trade secret.
The connotation of internet platform interconnection includes subjective and objective levels, and gradually expands from a single dimension to multiple dimensions. Competition law has fully played the role of setting disputes related to internet platform interconnection, and has gradually clarified the relevant rules of platform interconnection in case exploration. In the future, the legal evaluation and regulation of internet platforms’ refusal to interconnection will still be carried out on a case-by-case basis within the framework of existing rules such as the Anti-Monopoly Law and the Anti-Unfair Competition Law. At the same time, with the gradual improvement of the legal system of internet platform, the boundary of Internet platform interconnection will be clarified through the implementation of other legal rules.
With the deep integration of artificial intelligence technology and industry, the innovation of intelligent application industry has accelerated, and the number of relevant patent applications has increased rapidly. Based on the research on patent big data of domestic intelligent application industry, this paper expounds the current status and regional distribution of patent applications of domestic intelligent industry, analyzes the characteristics of patent applications of domestic intelligent application industry from the perspectives of basic technology, application innovation hotspots and growing enterprises, and finally analyzes the characteristics of patent applications of domestic intelligent application industry from the perspective of AI technology evolution In terms of collaborative innovation of large, medium and small enterprises and cooperation between industry, University and Research Institute, this paper puts forward prospects for the development of China’s intelligent application industry and intellectual property protection.
DFB laser has become one of the most important and widely used light sources in communication system because of its excellent spectral and modulation characteristics. This paper analyzes the global patent distribution of DFB laser from the perspectives of annual application volume, applicant, regional distribution and technical distribution, analyzes and interprets the characteristic patents. Provide information reference for DFB laser research institutions from the perspective of patent.
In recent years, the rapid development of the Industrial Internet has strongly promoted the deep integration of the digital economy and the real economy, becoming an important path to implement the new development philosophy and promote high-quality development. At the same time, the new development philosophy provides basic principles and fundamental guidelines for the development of the Industrial Internet. This paper analyzes the function mechanism of the Industrial Internet in promoting innovation, regional coordination, green and low-carbon transformation, open cooperation, shared development and so on, puts forward the focus for promoting high-quality development with the Industrial Internet, and gives policy recommendations for implementing the new development philosophy to promote the Industrial Internet to grow bigger, better and stronger.
This paper introduces the importance of artificial intelligence for the development of China’s digital economy. And it analyzes the existing issues of artificial intelligence specifically from the aspects of information infrastructure, artificial intelligence industry development, industrial intelligence and spatial intelligence. Also, this paper proposes the “three horizontal and four vertical” technical framework of artificial intelligence and puts forward suggestions. At last, the promoting effect of artificial intelligence on digital economy is prospected.
With the deepening of industry digital transformation, there are two modes of 5G industry applications worldwide: public network mode and private network mode. The public network mode entirely or partially relies on the operator's frequency or network, while the private network mode relies on dedicated frequencies and private 5G network. At present, Japan, Germany and other countries are promoting 5G industrial applications by the private network mode. Japanese regulators proposed a mode of local 5G private network and issued industry and frequency-related policies. The key demonstration projects were collected to promote local 5G network application. The development of local 5G network in Japan provides a certain reference for the development of private 5G network in China.
Intelligent rapid development hospitals with many advantages such as flexibility, fast construction and strong environmental adaptability, make an essential role to combat COVID-19 and contain the spread of epidemic nationwide through curing patients with mild symptoms. To effectively accelerate the construction period of part of rapid development hospitals, the overall informatization system with all wireless scheme is adopted based on 5G. Nonetheless, there is lack of technial requirement and reserch on terminal, network and platform about telemedicine system adpoted in the intelligent rapid development hospitals. Thus, this research focuses on the applicatin of the telemedicine system with 5G in rapid development hospitals, aims at providing reference to develop, design and build informatization system by summarizing technial requirement of communication, for further taking the advantages of rapid development hospitals in public health emergencies.
The cellular communication technology has undergone five generations of evolution, yet its multiple access technologies as one of the key physical layer technologies still belongs among the orthognal multiple access technology. The legacy orthognal multiple access technology might have approached the ceiling of spectrum effeciency and system capacity in realistic senario. Non-orthogonal multiple access is an emerging design of physical layer, which can break the limitaion of finite orthogonal resource, fortifying transmission performance, increasing the system capacity, reducing latency and lower power comsuption. Non-orthogonal multiple access has become a highlighted research subject in the last decade,which leads to a large number of research finds. Non-orthogonal multiple access technology now is one of candidate technologies of 5G physical layer, which is under intensive discussion in the 3GPP organization.
According to the 3GPP R17 specifications, this article introduces the key features and enhanced technologies for vertical applications related to syetem architecture. These features include enhanced support of non-public networks, 5G multicast/broadcast service, Enhanced Service Enabler Architecture Layer for Verticals, support of enhanced lndustrial IoT, enhancements to application architecture for the mobile communication system for railways, Uncrewed Aerial Systems, multimedia priority service, support of the 5GMSG Service, proximity based services in 5GS, which provide a reference for the subsequent development, evolution and deployment of ToB networks for operators and vendors.